Tim O'Reilly: I've been worried for some years that the open source movement might fall prey to the problem that Kim Stanley Robinson so incisively captured in Green Mars: 'History is a wave that moves through time slightly faster than we do.' Innovators are left behind, as the world they've changed picks up on their ideas, runs with them, and takes them in unexpected directions. In essays like The Open Source Paradigm Shift and What is Web 2.0?, I argued that the success of the internet as a non-proprietary platform built largely on commodity open source software could lead to a new kind of proprietary lock-in in the cloud. What good are free and open source licenses, all based on the act of software distribution, when software is no longer distributed but merely performed on the global network stage? How can we preserve freedom to innovate when the competitive advantage of online players comes from massive databases created via user contribution, which literally get better the more people use them, raising seemingly insuperable barriers to new competition?
By Nicholas G. Carr: The open source model can play an important role in innovation, but know its limitations. Ten years ago, on May 22, 1997, a little-known software programmer from Pennsylvania named Eric Raymond presented a paper at a technology conference in WÃ¼rzburg, Germany. Titled 'The Cathedral and the Bazaar,' the paper caused an immediate stir, and its renown has only grown in the years since. It is now widely considered one of the seminal documents in the history of the software industry.
Advances in technology have revolutionized the way people live, learn and work, but these benefits have not spread around the world evenly. A digital divide exists between communities in their access to computers, the Internet, and other technologies. The United Nations is aware of the importance of including technology development as part of a larger effort to bridge this global digital divide. This article looks at how various United Nations agencies use free and open source software to meet the goal of putting technology at the service of people around the world.
The Croatian government has decided to adopt a free software policy and move entirely to Open Source. According to a document with the catchy title "Directions for Development and Use of Open Source Code Computer Programmes in Bodies and Institutions of State Administration" the Government says it needs to develop, prepare and procure open-source software.
IBM on June 14 said that it has released software to the Apache Open Source Foundation designed to help automate the detection and remediation application or transaction problems in the data center. The software, implemented at IBM as a part of both its autonomic computing initiative and contribution to the Web Services Distributed Management standard, provides "a framework for building WSDM interfaces into people's devicesâ€”applications, servers or storage," said Scott Handy, worldwide vice president of Linux and open source for IBM in Somers, N.Y.
The City of Munich has insisted it is on track with its massive Linux migration, in the face of claims in the German Senate that the project seemed to have failed before it ever got off the ground.
By Brenda M. Michelson, Sr. VP and Sr. Consultant, Patricia Seybold Group
Report by Raven Zachary.
To know more about the UBL standard and how FOSS programmers may add support for it in office applications, starting with OpenOffice.org, Linux Journal talked to Jon Bosak, chairman of the UBL Technical Committee, and Lars Oppermann, software engineer for the framework and XML projects in StarOffice/OpenOffice.org. By Marco Fioretti on April 21, 2005
Recordings from a public meeting. The meeting had two parts. The first was a presentation by Nicholas Gall, VP and Distinguished Analyst at Gartner Research. He talked about OSS, the current state, and trends. It was a preview of a talk to be given at Gartner's Summit the following week. The second part covered user experiences, with presentations by Julie Atkins, Director of IT Operations and Info Security of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts, and Michael Askew and Charles Pickelhaupt of Fidelity Investments' Center for Applied Technology.
The city of Paris is accelerating its move to free and open-source software as part of a strategy to reduce its dependence on suppliers. It plans to replace more of its server software with free and open-source alternatives, and to install open-source applications on desktops. Computerworld 21/11/2005
Open Invention Network (OIN), a company that has and will acquire patents and offer them royalty-free to promote Linux and spur innovation globally, was launched today with financial support from IBM, Novell, Philips, Red Hat, and Sony.(November 10, 2005) -
Open Source in Government: Some governments have embraced the potential of open source, while others seem culturally opposed to the whole concept. ZDNet UK Insight.
The French tax agency claims that upgrading its 80,000 desktops to Office XP would cost â‚¬29.5m, but switching to OpenOffice.org only â‚¬200,000. ZDNet UK Insight. Nov 9, 2005.
The Roadmap for Open ICT Ecosystems: a user-friendly guide for policymakers and technologists offerings tools for understanding, creating, and sustaining open information and communication technologies ecosystems. This is where we introduce the term openization.
As the Apache Software Foundation, Microsoft Corp. and IBM sort out licensing issues around making the WS-Security specification open-source-friendly, the issue becomes something of a precedent for how Web services specifications will evolve in the open-source world.
The BBC open source site provides information about and links to BBC open source projects. For the BBC, open source software development is an extension of our Public Service remit. Releasing open source software helps our audience get additional value from the work they've funded, and also get tools for free that they couldn't get any other way. It also allows people outside the BBC to extend projects in such a way that may in future be used in the BBC.
Geoffrey Moore proposes a marriage between the capitalist community, which is inherently competitive, and the open source community, which supports voluntary collaboration and cooperation. One hour presentation, via IT Conversations.
The keynote presentations from the Open Source Business Conference held in San Francisco, California on April 5-6, 2005.
IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2005, contains 18 papers on a variety of topics related to open-source software, including Linux, Eclipse, the open-source project collaboration model, the use of open-source software within governmental institutions, and IBM activities in open-source software development.
As open-source development options proliferate, CIOs are finding ways to make it work for their organizations. CIO Magazine, 4 April 2005.
Conversation with Craig Burton. Linux Journal
UK government departments moved a step closer to using open-source operating systems such as Linux after a study found that they were "viable" products. BBC News, 28 October 2004
Open-Source intelligence for enterprise IT
The term "open" has been used and abused by the purveyors of technology for a couple of decades now, so it should come as no surprise that technology users are taking their turn. Jonathan Schwartz, CNET News.com
An informative web site offering an insight into the Open Source movement for businesses, users, and programmers.
The purpose of the OpenEAI Project is to discover and document the controlling dynamics, principles, and practices of enterprise application integration and to present, implement, and promote those findings.
This report describes preliminary work in a collaboration between three UK agencies: the Defence Procurement Agency of the Ministry of Defence; the Civil Aviation Authority; and the Health and Safety Executive.
Openchallenge is a catalyst for materializing creativity and for channeling open source potential into tackling real world problems and doing public good.
The Case for Government Promotion of Open Source Software: A NetAction White Paper by Mitch Stoltz. From 1999 but still good.
Article in The Register by Tony Smith on 14/12/2001
The GNU Project started in 1984 to develop a complete free Unix-like operating system. 'GNU's Not Unix!'