An interoperability assessment approach based on criteria dependencies to support decision making in networked enterprises
In the networked enterprise, the interoperability is seen as a requirement for ensuring the collaboration among partners. Therefore, an assessment for identifying the enterprise's strengths and weakness regarding interoperability is paramount. It involves determining the gaps between where enterprises envision themselves in the future and the enterprises' current states. Indeed, a variety of approaches were proposed in the literature. However, based on surveys, existing methods are assessing specific aspects of interoperability and focusing only on one kind of measurement. The objective of this work is, therefore, to propose a holistic assessment approach to support the interoperability development. To do so, the criteria regarding the interoperability aspects and measurements were identified and are being formalised. The enterprise systems associated with the criteria are being modelled based on Enterprise Architecture techniques. This modelling supports the identification of existing interdependencies between criteria. Finally, case studies will be used to validate the proposed approach.
Promoting seamless services and data flows for European public administrations. The EIF gives guidance, through a set of recommendations, to public administrations on how to improve governance of their interoperability activities, establish cross-organisational relationships, streamline processes supporting end-to-end digital services, and ensure that existing and new legislation do not compromise interoperability efforts.
Andrea DiMaio, Gartner: The interoperability of technologies, data and applications across different government agencies, tiers and jurisdictions has been a keystone of e-government and government transformation programs for almost a decade. The nirvana of any such program is to achieve seamless integration between processes and applications, to make the structure of government invisible (or irrelevant) to service delivery, and to set the basis for agile, truly transformational government.
18 July 2008: NATO has included the International Standardization Organization's (ISO) certified Open Document Format (ODF) in its list of mandatory standards to promote interoperability. NATO's standards list includes Rich Text Format (RTF), extensible markup language (XML) and Office XP formats as requirements for the sharing of data. The list does not include Office Open XML (OOXML), Microsoft's direct competitor to ODF, which is currently undergoing a controversial ISO certification process. Observers say that the Dutch Defence Ministry threw its weight behind ODF. The public sector in the Netherlands expressly supports open standards and open source. Jan Wildeboer, open source evangelist at Red Hat in Europe, told heise online that NATO support for ODF is an "good sign" and a "further step towards a truly open market, where proprietary solutions and open source software compete on equal terms". Open standards are the only feasible way to provide interoperability and avoid dependence on individual vendors. Wildeboer welcomed the European Commission's new proposal for a European Interoperability Framework (EIF) to promote the use of open standards that are not subject to patent license fees in the public sector.
The terms architecture, interoperability framework, reference architecture are often confused and used interchangeably. A Framework is rather a list of applications and tools. It provides e-Government interoperability by creating a pool of common tools.
Tiffany Maleshefski, eWeek, 27 July 2007 Review: Sun's ODF plug-in can play an important role in broadening interoperability between OpenOffice.org and Microsoft Office. Sun Microsystems' ODF Plug-in for Microsoft Office won't usher in an era of universal document interoperability, but eWEEK Labs believes it is the best option currently available for adding Open Document Format support to Office's massive installed base. The plug-in, which Sun debuted on July 4 in the form of a freely downloadable 30MB installation package, enables users to read, edit and save ODF-formatted word processor, spreadsheet, and presentation documents using the 2000, XP, and 2003 versions of Microsoft Office.
Wikipedia: Business process interoperability (BPI) is a state that exists when a business process can meet a specific objective automatically utilizing essential human labor only. Typically, BPI is present when a process conforms to standards that enable it to achieve its objective regardless of ownership, location, make, version or design of the computer systems used. The main attraction of BPI is that a business process can start and finish at any point worldwide regardless of the types of hardware and software required to automate it. Because of its capacity to offload human "mind" labor, BPI is considered by many as the final stage in the evolution of business computing. BPI's twin criteria of specific objective and essential human labor are both subjective.
Jesus Rodriguez and Javier Mariscal, @ SOA WORLD MAGAZINE. A well-planned Web Service interoperability environment begins by clearly defining who your Web Service consumers are now and in the future. There was a time not so long ago when you could count on a fairly homogenous consumer population. This was about the same time that you were happy just to be able to get a Web Service running in the first place and finding a consumer who could actually interact with your Web Service was cause for celebration. Those days have changed however and Web Services interoperability, once a "fancy" addition to your SOA design, is now a key and indispensable requirement in most SOA scenarios.
B. Craig Meyers, Ira A. Monarch, Linda Levine, and James D. Smith of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), Carnegie Mellon University: This report explores achieving interoperability in the acquisition process. It asserts that interoperability applies to the management and construction of a system, as well as to its operation. This idea leads to a broader view of interoperability. Also presented is the idea that the essential character of interoperabilityâ€”related to data models and operational semanticsâ€”is independent of a domain of application. This report lists a number of basic assertions that can help organizations achieve interoperability in the acquisition process. A number of related key issues are also examined. Ultimately, it is expected that achieving interoperability will depend on a formal specification of acquisition. Technical Report CMU/SEI-2005-TR-004
Web Services Interoperability Technology (WSIT) is an open-source implementation of next generation Web services technologies that deliver interoperability between Java EE and .Net to help you build, deploy, and maintain Composite Applications for your Service Oriented Architecture. Built upon JAX-WS (Java API for XML Web Services), this implementation will be made available as the "Web Services Interoperability Technology (WSIT)" and is focused on four main categories: Messaging, Metadata, Security, and Quality-of-Service (QoS).
Bill Hilf, Platform Strategy Manager, details Microsoft's interoperability efforts in a discussion with Anil Patrick R.
A tale of two tipping points. Microsoftâ€™s Chris Capossela has published on MSDN an explanation of MSâ€™s position on XML formats that is, I think, really important and useful.
From supporting interoperability frameworks to e-government national targets, Microsoft consistently meets and exceeds governments' needs for open formats and open standards. Read on about Microsoft's commitment to transparent and interoperable software.
FLOSSPOLS Open Standards and Interoperability Report by Rishab Ghosh. December 2005.
Berkman Center for Internet & Society hosted a two-hour discussion session on Open Standards and Interoperability. Our discussion was meant to be an extension of the work of the Open ePolicy Group. Panelists, including Steve Bratt, Chief Operating Officer W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), Doug Levin, Chief Executive Officer of Black Duck Software, Bob Sutor, Vice President of Standards and Open Source IBM Corporation, Tim Bray, Director of Web Technologies at Sun Microsystems, and John Palfrey, Executive Director of the Berkman Center, led the discussion, which involved comments from dozens of participants. Dan Bricklin and David Berlind were key contributors. The full event was recorded and is available online.
The Roadmap for Open ICT Ecosystems: a user-friendly guide for policymakers and technologists offerings tools for understanding, creating, and sustaining open information and communication technologies ecosystems. This is where we introduce the term openization.
Many of Microsoft's government customers are working on the challenges associated with the delivery of electronic services (e-services) over the Web. This white paper takes a look at some of those challenges and offers ideas of how to work through them based on work that Microsoft has been undertaking in many geographies around the world.
Interoperability is all about different software products working together. Microsoft embraces interoperability% - through our products today, with the new generation of XML-enabled software, through technology and IP licensing, and in our partnerships with companies that are dedicated to helping software products work together.
The Achilles' heel of service-oriented architectures (SOAs) has been policy enforcement. A standard is emerging for run-time control: the Governance Interoperability Framework (GIF). Web Services Pipeline, 1 June 2005.
Benoit Muller of Business Software Alliance. This paper analyses three key policy elements to creating an environment in which innovation and interoperability can thrive.
The place to go for Architecture Interoperability Validation.
GINF has been developed to facilitate integration of heterogeneous components. One of the main principles it employs is the generic representation of protocols, languages, data and interface descriptions. The current implementation of the framework is based on RDF. The implementation of GINF provides semantic-oriented middleware for application development and integration. GINF middleware allows creating open and highly extensible client/server applications. It is available for download.