An interoperability assessment approach based on criteria dependencies to support decision making in networked enterprises
In the networked enterprise, the interoperability is seen as a requirement for ensuring the collaboration among partners. Therefore, an assessment for identifying the enterprise's strengths and weakness regarding interoperability is paramount. It involves determining the gaps between where enterprises envision themselves in the future and the enterprises' current states. Indeed, a variety of approaches were proposed in the literature. However, based on surveys, existing methods are assessing specific aspects of interoperability and focusing only on one kind of measurement. The objective of this work is, therefore, to propose a holistic assessment approach to support the interoperability development. To do so, the criteria regarding the interoperability aspects and measurements were identified and are being formalised. The enterprise systems associated with the criteria are being modelled based on Enterprise Architecture techniques. This modelling supports the identification of existing interdependencies between criteria. Finally, case studies will be used to validate the proposed approach.
Promoting seamless services and data flows for European public administrations. The EIF gives guidance, through a set of recommendations, to public administrations on how to improve governance of their interoperability activities, establish cross-organisational relationships, streamline processes supporting end-to-end digital services, and ensure that existing and new legislation do not compromise interoperability efforts.
Andrea DiMaio, Gartner: The interoperability of technologies, data and applications across different government agencies, tiers and jurisdictions has been a keystone of e-government and government transformation programs for almost a decade. The nirvana of any such program is to achieve seamless integration between processes and applications, to make the structure of government invisible (or irrelevant) to service delivery, and to set the basis for agile, truly transformational government.
The terms architecture, interoperability framework, reference architecture are often confused and used interchangeably. A Framework is rather a list of applications and tools. It provides e-Government interoperability by creating a pool of common tools.
Wikipedia: Business process interoperability (BPI) is a state that exists when a business process can meet a specific objective automatically utilizing essential human labor only. Typically, BPI is present when a process conforms to standards that enable it to achieve its objective regardless of ownership, location, make, version or design of the computer systems used. The main attraction of BPI is that a business process can start and finish at any point worldwide regardless of the types of hardware and software required to automate it. Because of its capacity to offload human "mind" labor, BPI is considered by many as the final stage in the evolution of business computing. BPI's twin criteria of specific objective and essential human labor are both subjective.
B. Craig Meyers, Ira A. Monarch, Linda Levine, and James D. Smith of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), Carnegie Mellon University: This report explores achieving interoperability in the acquisition process. It asserts that interoperability applies to the management and construction of a system, as well as to its operation. This idea leads to a broader view of interoperability. Also presented is the idea that the essential character of interoperabilityâ€”related to data models and operational semanticsâ€”is independent of a domain of application. This report lists a number of basic assertions that can help organizations achieve interoperability in the acquisition process. A number of related key issues are also examined. Ultimately, it is expected that achieving interoperability will depend on a formal specification of acquisition. Technical Report CMU/SEI-2005-TR-004
The Roadmap for Open ICT Ecosystems: a user-friendly guide for policymakers and technologists offerings tools for understanding, creating, and sustaining open information and communication technologies ecosystems. This is where we introduce the term openization.
Benoit Muller of Business Software Alliance. This paper analyses three key policy elements to creating an environment in which innovation and interoperability can thrive.
GINF has been developed to facilitate integration of heterogeneous components. One of the main principles it employs is the generic representation of protocols, languages, data and interface descriptions. The current implementation of the framework is based on RDF. The implementation of GINF provides semantic-oriented middleware for application development and integration. GINF middleware allows creating open and highly extensible client/server applications. It is available for download.