Industry 4.0


Cloud Computing :: Digitalization :: Enterprise Architecture :: Innovation :: Intelligent computers :: Internet of Things :: Interoperability


IBM Watson IoT and the digital twin. Industry 4.0.

The Internet of Things (IoT) has been a long time coming, but as with so many software and cloud-driven markets today, the curve from hand-waving to pervasive adoption is set to be remarkably steep. Network-driven markets increasingly tend to be pretty close to winner takes all (think Google in Search, Apple in phones, Facebook in social, Snapchat in dogear-driven Augmented Reality) which makes timing and effective, community-driven execution all the more important. Which brings us to IBM. Wait. What? IBM? OK bear with me here.
- Industry 4.0 - Intelligent computers -

Klaus Schwab (2017)
The Fourth Industrial Revolution

The founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum on how the impending technological revolution will change our lives. We are on the brink of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. And this one will be unlike any other in human history. Characterized by new technologies fusing the physical, digital and biological worlds, the Fourth Industrial Revolution will impact all disciplines, economies and industries - and it will do so at an unprecedented rate. World Economic Forum data predicts that by 2025 we will see: commercial use of nanomaterials 200 times stronger than steel and a million times thinner than human hair; the first transplant of a 3D-printed liver; 10% of all cars on US roads being driverless; and much more besides. In The Fourth Industrial Revolution, Schwab outlines the key technologies driving this revolution, discusses the major impacts on governments, businesses, civil society and individuals, and offers bold ideas for what can be done to shape a better future for all.
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The fourth industrial revolution: a primer on Artificial Intelligence (AI)

From Amazon and Facebook to Google and Microsoft, leaders of the worlds most influential technology firms are highlighting their enthusiasm for Artificial Intelligence (AI). But what is AI? Why is it important? And why now? While there is growing interest in AI, the field is understood mainly by specialists. Our goal for this primer is to make this important field accessible to a broader audience.
- Intelligent computers - Industry 4.0 -

Digital Twin Simulation Leveraging Lifecycle Services

A digital twin is a virtual equivalent of an actual physical product or service. Businesses from GE to Siemens are presently using digital twins to monitor the conditions of wind turbines and manufacturing equipment in real time, analyzing changes in key parameters and taking measures to perform conditional or predictive maintenance based on the slightest deviations.
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Strategy Spectrum for Enterprise Engineering and Manufacturing

John Zachman blog post on Industry 4.0 challenges for enterprise architects.
- Industry 4.0 - Enterprise Architecture -

Fully Digital Operations Will Be Necessity for Manufacturers

The digital revolution will radically change how companies operate their businesses on a daily level - their manufacturing plants, capital assets, supply chain and service, and product development. And the benefits in many cases will be enormous.
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Industry 4.0: Intelligent and flexible production

Bill Lydon: Industry 4.0 is a holistic automation, business information, and manufacturing execution architecture to improve industry with the integration of all aspects of production and commerce across company boundaries for greater efficiency. The term Industry 4.0 originated in Germany, but the concepts are in harmony with worldwide initiatives, including smart factories, Industrial Internet of Things, smart manufacturing, and advanced manufacturing.
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Industry 4.0: Opportunities and challenges of the industrial internet

Whitepaper by PWC. The fourth industrial revolution %u2014 characterised by the increasing digitization and interconnection of products, value chains and business models %u2014 has arrived. German industry will invest a total of 40 billion euro in Industry 4.0 every year by 2020. Applying the same investment level to the European industrial sector, the annual investments will be as high as 140 billion euro per annum.
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The Internet of Things: Industrie 4.0 vs. the Industrial Internet

Kris Bledowski: ndustrie 4.0 and the Industrial Internet do not compete against one another—they are complementary. The two approaches occupy the same real estate of technology and they share some members. What unites them is the excitement about the future of the Internet of Things.
- Internet of Things - Industry 4.0 -

Current Standards Landscape for Smart Manufacturing Systems

NIST: Today’s manufacturers face ever-increasing demands of variability—greater customization, smaller lot sizes, sudden supply-chain changes and disruptions. Successful manufacturers will have to choose and incorporate technologies that help them quickly adapt to rapid change and to elevate product quality while optimizing use of energy and resources. These technologies form the core of an emerging, information-centric, Smart Manufacturing System that maximizes the flow and re-use of data throughout the enterprise. The ability of disparate systems, however, to exchange, understand, and exploit product, production, and business data rests critically on information standards. This report provides a review of the body of pertinent standards—a standards landscape—upon which future smart manufacturing systems will rely. This landscape comprises integration standards within and across three manufacturing lifecycle dimensions: product, production system, and business. We discuss opportunities and challenges for new standards, and present emerging activities addressing these opportunities. This report will allow manufacturing practitioners to better understand those standards useful to integration of smart manufacturing technologies.
- Industry 4.0 - Standards -

Cooperation Among Two Key Leaders in the Industrial Internet

The Industrial Internet is important. New technologies and new business opportunities will disrupt industries on many levels. That much everybody seems to agree upon. Two organizations have dominated the headlines in this space: the Plattform Industrie 4.0, with its strong roots in the manufacturing industry, and the Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC), with its more cross-domain oriented approach.
- Internet of Things - Industry 4.0 -

Plattform Industrie 4.0

With over 250 participants from more than 100 organisations, Plattform Industrie 4.0 is the largest and most diverse Industrie 4.0 network worldwide. Even at this early stage, Plattform Industrie 4.0 in its current form is a model for many other countries.
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Plattform Industrie 4.0 and Industrial Internet Consortium Agree on Cooperation

Representatives of Plattform Industrie 4.0 and the Industrial Internet Consortium met in Zurich, Switzerland to explore the potential alignment of their two architecture efforts - respectively, the Reference Architecture Model for Industrie 4.0 (RAMI4.0) and the Industrial Internet Reference Architecture (IIRA). The meeting was a success, with a common recognition of the complementary nature of the two models, an initial draft mapping showing the direct relationships between elements of the models, and a clear roadmap to ensure future interoperability. Additional possible topics included collaboration in the areas of IIC Testbeds and I4.0 Test Facility Infrastructures, as well as standardization, architectures & business outcomes in the Industrial Internet.
- Internet of Things - Industry 4.0 -

The Industry 4.0 Portal

The german innovation centre for industry 4.0 is a technology startup founded in January 2015 by highly-qualified engineers with years of industry experience and aspiring young entrepreneurs from the fields of business administration, IT, and logistics. The startup is based in Regensburg, Germany. Together with partners from Singapore, the Asian subsidiary i40sg was founded in February 2015 and is located in the German Centre in Singapore.
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Reference Architecture Model Industrie 4.0 (RAMI4.0)

The physical and virtual worlds are increasingly converging. More and more physical objects can draw on smart sensor and actor technology, and are becoming networked in the evolutionary development of the Internet of Things. The availability of all relevant information in real time by networking of all the instances involved in adding value, and the ability to use those data to establish the optimum value stream at any particular time are triggering a further industrial revolution (known as Industrie 4.0) in business processes, and facilitating new business models. In that connection, the focus is on optimization of the following core industrial processes: research and development, production, logistics and service. With a view to securing the future of Germany as a business location and of its industry, the implementation strategy for Industrie 4.0 has been established by Plattform Industrie 4.0 in cooperation with the associations BITKOM, VDMA and ZVEI, and various German industrial enterprises. Chapter 6 of the implementation strategy for Industrie 4.0 [1] was planned in advance in such a way that it could be extracted and published as a GMA Status Report. The result is this paper. This GMA Status Report presents a reference architecture model (RAMI4.0) for semantic technologies and their benefits for automation and its associated technologies. The structures and functions of what are termed Industrie 4.0 components (referred to below as I4.0 components) are also described. Where appropriate, parts of the reference architecture model and the I4.0 components draw upon existing and relevant standards, so as to gain acceptance more rapidly. Where necessary, the implementation strategy identifies and describes additional standardization requirements. As a result of the increasing networking and controllability of physical objects and the simultaneous rise in the threat level posed by hackers, secret services, espionage and so on, special security requirements are necessary. These are outlined in chapter 7 of the implementation strategy for Industrie 4.0. The Status Report is addressed to readers from German industry, the relevant technology-oriented sectors, research and government. In particular, it is intended for managers, experts and consultants, and all parties interested in the future of Industrie 4.0 in Germany or wish to assist in shaping it.
- Reference Models - Industry 4.0 -

The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means and how to respond

The World Economic Forum: We stand on the brink of a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another. In its scale, scope, and complexity, the transformation will be unlike anything humankind has experienced before. We do not yet know just how it will unfold, but one thing is clear: the response to it must be integrated and comprehensive, involving all stakeholders of the global polity, from the public and private sectors to academia and civil society.
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INDUSTRY 4.0 - The new industrial revolution

The next revolution with Industry 4.0 represents a huge opportunity for Europe %u2013 and it fits the European model. Industry plays a central role in the European economy: It contributes 15% to overall value added and accounts for 80% of innovations and 75% of exports. When taking into account industry-related services as well, industry is the engine of Europe's social economy. But the manufacturing sector has been feeling more and more pressure lately. Due to its declining competitiveness in the face of new market players - particularly from Asia - jobs have been lost in established markets such as the UK ( 29%), France (-20%) and Germany (-8%) over the past 10 years. What's more, countries in Europe are developing differently. While Germany and Eastern Europe continue to increase their share of the industrial market, other EU members are facing de-industrialization. "This development will weaken Europe overall, because more jobs and know-how will be lost in industry. After automation, electrification and digitalization of industry, the introduction of the Internet of Things in the factory marks the advent of a fourth industrial revolution," says Max Blanchet, Partner at Roland Berger Strategy Consultants. However, Europe is much better prepared for this new industrial revolution than many think. In our study entitled Industry 4.0 - The new industrial revolution: How Europe will succeed, the Roland Berger experts explain what companies and politics should do to support the development of Industry 4.0 and leverage this opportunity for Europe.
- Industry 4.0 - Internet of Things -

Project of the Future: Industry 4.0

Industry is on the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution. Driven by the Internet, the real and virtual worlds are growing closer and closer together to form the Internet of Things. Industrial production of the future will be characterized by the strong individualization of products under the conditions of highly flexible (large series) production, the extensive integration of customers and business partners in business and value-added processes, and the linking of production and high-quality services leading to so-called hybrid products. German industry now has the opportunity to actively shape the fourth industrial revolution. We want to support this process with the "Industry 4.0" forward-looking project. Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
- Industry 4.0 - Internet of Things -

Karl-Heinz Streibich (2014)
The Digital Enterprise: The Moves and Motives of the Digital Leaders

This book reflects Karl-Heinz Streibich's optimism about the technology industry and the richness of his connections with industry thought leaders. Throughout the book you will encounter the vision of Industry 4.0 (Industrie 4.0) that is driving innovation across a wide spectrum of industries around the globe. With over 20 examples provided, you will read about GE's vision of the Industrial Internet and how it will bring massive efficiencies to aviation, utilities, and many other industries. You will discover how banks and insurance companies and oil companies and museums and casinos are innovating using a wide range of other technologies. Get ready to be inspired by some of the top companies in the world that are on the forefront of transforming into a Digital Enterprise.
- Digitalization - Industry 4.0 -