EA related reference models
This document is a part of the definition of a reference architecture for the integration of manufacturing software applications in the areas of fabrication and assembly of discrete electro- mechanical parts. This document captures, at a high level of abstraction, the engineering and operations functions involved in producing discrete products, and the general nature of information flows among them. The function elements provide a frame of reference for product- and facility- specific functions in a production systems, and thus for specifications for manufacturing software/hardware systems components. Assigning these narrower functions to components begets a systems architecture, for which the information flows described in this document identify the necessary interactions among the components. The information flow elements also provide a frame of reference for specifying the information involved in those interactions and in the corresponding component interfaces. In short, these models are part of a framework for specifying production systems architectures, and the related architectures for the software systems that support production systems engineering.
PhD thesis. As Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) compete in a dynamic ecosystem of firms, their businesses continuously face the challenge of creating sustained value by managing socio-technical resources/capabilities and aligning them with changing market needs. Accelerating technological changes, rapidly changing market demands and growing globalized collaborative ecosystem of organisations, in addition to SMEs’ inherent resource limitations and constraints, underscore the SMEs’ critical need for strategic developments and execution. The SME’s combined internal and external challenges and requirements call for the support of a Business Architecture (BA) – a strategic management tool to facilitate the development and configuration of socio-technical resources/capabilities and capitalise on the ecosystem and market opportunities. Using the Design Science methodology this research aims to develop and evaluate a simple but holistically comprehensive Business Architecture (BA) that shall ideally help SMEs implement entrepreneurial practices that have the capacity to articulate and execute their business strategies to align with the changing environments. In particular using extensive exploratory literature review I identify underlying drivers of SME requirements for a BA practice. Then I explicate the research problem and BA practice requirements using a semi-structured interview of SME managers/executives and E/BA experts. Derived from identified SMEs’ internal and external strategic requirements, I develop the conceptual model for the SMEs’ Business Architecture Reference Model (BARM) by integrating diverse but interrelated disciplines including
The IoT is already boosting a significant amount of innovation across various industries by providing near real-time insight into rich and contextual environmental data across a wide range of complex scenarios, such as the industrial internet, smart homes and cities, energy management, agriculture, intelligent transport systems, connected health and smart retail. To identify the essential building blocks of IoT architecture, it’s helpful to review the IoT reference architectures that have been created by several bodies and industry consortia.
Vamsi Chemitiganti: This is the fourth in a series of four posts on the Open Banking Standard (OBS) in the UK. The previous posts introduced the Open Bank Standard (OBS) examined the business and strategic drivers for banks while proposing an architectural style or approach for incumbents to drive change in their platforms to achieve OBS Compliance. The final post will discuss a reference architecture for the OBS.
The European Interoperability Reference Architecture (EIRA), is an architecture content metamodel defining the most salient architectural building blocks (ABBs) needed to build interoperable e-Government systems. The EIRA provides a common terminology that can be used by people working for public administrations in various architecture and system development tasks. The EIRA was created and is being maintained in the context of the ISA Programme. The EIRA uses (and extends) the ArchiMate language as a modelling notation and uses service orientation as an architectural style. The EIRA is aligned with the European Interoperability Framework (EIF) and complies with the context given in the European Interoperability Strategy (EIS).
The physical and virtual worlds are increasingly converging. More and more physical objects can draw on smart sensor and actor technology, and are becoming networked in the evolutionary development of the Internet of Things. The availability of all relevant information in real time by networking of all the instances involved in adding value, and the ability to use those data to establish the optimum value stream at any particular time are triggering a further industrial revolution (known as Industrie 4.0) in business processes, and facilitating new business models. In that connection, the focus is on optimization of the following core industrial processes: research and development, production, logistics and service. With a view to securing the future of Germany as a business location and of its industry, the implementation strategy for Industrie 4.0 has been established by Plattform Industrie 4.0 in cooperation with the associations BITKOM, VDMA and ZVEI, and various German industrial enterprises. Chapter 6 of the implementation strategy for Industrie 4.0  was planned in advance in such a way that it could be extracted and published as a GMA Status Report. The result is this paper. This GMA Status Report presents a reference architecture model (RAMI4.0) for semantic technologies and their benefits for automation and its associated technologies. The structures and functions of what are termed Industrie 4.0 components (referred to below as I4.0 components) are also described. Where appropriate, parts of the reference architecture model and the I4.0 components draw upon existing and relevant standards, so as to gain acceptance more rapidly. Where necessary, the implementation strategy identifies and describes additional standardization requirements. As a result of the increasing networking and controllability of physical objects and the simultaneous rise in the threat level posed by hackers, secret services, espionage and so on, special security requirements are necessary. These are outlined in chapter 7 of the implementation strategy for Industrie 4.0. The Status Report is addressed to readers from German industry, the relevant technology-oriented sectors, research and government. In particular, it is intended for managers, experts and consultants, and all parties interested in the future of Industrie 4.0 in Germany or wish to assist in shaping it.
DoD BRM V04
DoD DRM V04
DoD EA PRM
DoD EA RM Executive Summary
DoD EA TRM
DoD RM Maintenance Process
DoD SRM V04
FEA Consolidated Reference Model Guide